Fonds F9 - Robert A. Cleghorn fonds

Title and statement of responsibility area

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Robert A. Cleghorn fonds

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CA ON00008 F9

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  • [ca. 1893]-Jan. 1996, predominant 1926-1996 (Creation)

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Physical description

2.27 m of textual records (687 files) 112 photographic prints : b&w and col. ; 25.4 X 20.7 cm or smaller 77 photographic negatives : b&w ; 21 X 26 cm or smaller 9 pictures : b&w and col. ; 24 X 31 or smaller 347 glass slides : b&w and col. ; 7.5 X 2.6 cm 54 glass plates : b&w ; 10.1 X 8.2 cm 2 audio cassette tapes (30 min. and 90 min.) : analog 2 latched boxes : 33.5 X 18.7 X 8.5 cm and 20.5 X 18.2 X 3.2 cm

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Archival description area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Robert Allan Cleghorn was born on 6 October 1904, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the son of Allen Mackenzie and Edna Theresa (Gartshore) Cleghorn. He attended public and high schools in London, Ontario, from 1914-1921, and the University of Toronto Schools in Toronto (1921-1922). Dr. Cleghorn received his M.D. from the University of Toronto Medical School in 1928 and completed a one-year junior rotating internship at Toronto General Hospital in 1929. From 1929 to 1932 Dr. Cleghorn worked as an assistant in physiology in the laboratory of Nobel laureate J.J.R. Macleod at Marischal College in Aberdeen, Scotland. In 1932 he received his Doctorate of Science (D.Sc.) in physiology under Professor Macleod. His doctoral dissertation concerned the relationship of the adrenal cortex to sex function and the maintenance of life. During 1932-1933 he attended clinics and lectures and carried out physiological research in England, Hungary, and the Netherlands. From 1933 to 1943 Dr. Cleghorn was a Junior Demonstrator with the University of Toronto Department of Medicine and an Assistant Attending Physician at Toronto General Hospital. He taught physical examination to medical students, conducted clinical research on Addison’s disease, conducted laboratory research at the Banting Institute on adrenal insufficiency in animals, and, beginning in 1940, on traumatic shock. From 1943 to 1945 Dr. Cleghorn served with an army mobile shock and wound infection unit in Italy and northwest Europe. After being discharged from the army in 1945, Dr. Cleghorn returned, for a short time, to his position teaching clinical medicine at the University of Toronto. He also earned a Certification in Internal Medicine from the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada in 1945. In 1946, Dr. Cleghorn moved to Montréal to establish the Laboratory for Experimental Therapeutics at the Allan Memorial Institute (AMI). Staff members of the AMI constituted the Department of Psychiatry at McGill University and held cross-appointments with the Royal Victoria Hospital. The laboratory’s research focused on the hypothalamus, autonomic nervous system, and the adrenals. Dr. Cleghorn served as Director of the laboratory until 1964. During this period he held the following positions: Assistant Professor of Psychiatry (McGill University, 1946-1949); Lecturer in Medicine (McGill University, 1946-1970); Associate Psychiatrist (Royal Victoria Hospital, 1947-1951); Associate Professor of Psychiatry (McGill University, 1949-1960); Psychiatrist (Royal Victoria Hospital, 1951-1964); Professor of Psychiatry (McGill University, 1960-1971); Chairman and Director of Department of Psychiatry (McGill University, 1964-1970); and Psychiatrist in Chief (Royal Victoria Hospital, 1964-1970). Dr. Cleghorn earned a Certification in Psychiatry from the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Québec in 1950. From 1952 to 1956 he trained in psychoanalysis in Montréal and was a candidate at the Boston Psychoanalytic Institute in 1953-1954. While in Boston, Dr. Cleghorn was a Research Associate in Psychiatry at Harvard University. In 1964 Dr. Cleghorn took over, from Dr. D. Ewen Cameron, the position of Chairman of the Department of Psychiatry and Director of the AMI. He held this position until 1970 when he retired from McGill. He served as Scientific Director of Montréal’s Institut Albert-Prevost in 1970-1971, and as Consultant to the AMI from 1971-1978. In 1978 he was a Special Lecturer in Psychiatry at the University of Toronto. From 1978 to 1992, Dr. Cleghorn worked as a consultant psychiatrist at the Sunnybrook Health Science Centre in Toronto. Dr. Cleghorn’s research interests have been in the following areas: physiological and clinical aspects of the adrenal cortex; clinical endocrinology; adrenal insufficiency and the autonomic nervous system; shock and blood substitutes; stress in psychoneurotics; the relationships between endocrinology and psychiatry; psychosomatic medicine; psychoanalysis; psychopharmacology; depression and hysteria; and the history of psychiatry. In addition to the previously mentioned professional positions, Dr. Cleghorn held positions with many scientific societies as well as advisory and editorial boards including: Canadian Medical Association; Physiological Society (England); Endocrine Society; Canadian Physiological Society; American Society for Clinical Investigation; American Physiological Society; American Psychosomatic Society (past President); New York Academy of Science; American Association for the Advancement of Science; Royal College of Psychiatrists (Founding Fellow, 1971); American Psychiatric Association (Life Fellow, 1979); Canadian Psychiatric Association (Life Member, 1970); American Heart Association; Canadian Psychoanalytic Society (Life Member, 1979); and the Academy of Medicine, Toronto. Dr. Cleghorn died on 25 March 1995 and was predeceased by his two wives, Sheena Marnoch and Elizabeth Newman as well as his son Dr. Jock Cleghorn. He was survived by his children Mhairi Santiago, Ailie Cleghorn and daughter-in-law Janet as well as several grandchildren, his sister Catherine McHardy-Smith, and niece Ann Sinclair.

Custodial history

Fonds was donated by R.A. Cleghorn in 1992. Three boxes containing patient files, correspondence files, a report, a study, a scrapbook, an audio cassette, and glass slides and plates were accessioned after Dr. Cleghorn’s death in 1995. These boxes were from Dr. Cleghorn’s office at Sunnybrook Health Science Centre and were donated by his daughters.

Scope and content

Fonds consists of: copies of student papers by Cleghorn; reports, data, and correspondence from research on Addison’s disease and adrenal insufficiency; course outlines, lectures to students, and lecture notes on psychiatry, endocrinology, psychosomatic medicine, the history of psychiatry, and other topics; lectures presented to scientific societies and professional associations; lecture slides, negatives, and prints used to produce slides and article illustrations; lectures on psychiatry and related issues presented to the general public; patient case files from Cleghorn’s work as a consultant psychiatrist at Sunnybrook Health Science Centre; drafts of Cleghorn’s memoirs, copies of Cleghorn’s published articles; photocopies of photographs of family members, friends, and colleagues; and research/reference files of writings by other authors used by Dr. Cleghorn in his work. Fonds is arranged into the following series: A. Student papers B. Research reports and data C. Lectures to scientific societies and professional associations D. Lectures to students E. Lecture slides: article illustrations F. Lectures to the general public G. Allan Memorial Institute H. Patient case files I. Memoirs and biographical manuscripts J. Photograph album: family members, friends, and colleagues K. Articles by R.A. Cleghorn L. Research and reference files The 1995 accrual was arranged and described separately from the original accession and its series were devised as follows: 1. Patient files 2. Correspondence 3. Report and study 4. Scrapbook 5. Publications 6. Audio cassette 7. Glass slides and plates

Notes area

Physical condition

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Script of material

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Restrictions on access

The following files are restricted in accord with The Personal Health Information Protection Act, 2004 (PHIPA): - Patient case files (series B.A and H of the original accession and the “Patient files” series of the 1995 accrual) - Correspondence files of the 1995 accrual, which contain information pertaining to patients - File G.A: 1, which contains evaluative comments regarding an employee

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Finding aids

A revised version of the initial finding aid prepared by the original Archivist in 1993 is available in hard-copy and .pdf format. A restricted file list for series H of the original accession is available in hard-copy and MS Word document format if access is granted by the Archivist. All of the series of the 1995 accrual are available in a MS Access database as well as in a MS Word document and hard-copy formats.

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General note

All newsclippings were photocopied for preservation reasons and the originals were destroyed.

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Some materials are in French, German, and Hungarian.

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Title is based on the content of the fonds.

General note

No documentation exists to explain the arrangement of the materials in the original accession by the previous archivist.

General note

The 1995 accrual was arranged and described separately from the original accession because the decision was made to retain the original paper-based finding aid nearly in its entirety, with only a few new revisions. The current Archivist felt it would be more practical to describe the 1995 accrual as an addendum to the original finding aid rather than try to incorporate it physically and intellectually into the previous accession. The records of the 1995 accrual (boxes 13-16) were primarily physically located after all of the records of the original accession with exception to the cassette tape, which was located with other photographic and audio-visual materials in box no. 2.

General note

The following components of this finding aid were revised by the current Archivist in 2005: - fonds description - file list for series H (none previously existed) - other minor revisions to series-level descriptions of the original accession - some minor revisions to assorted file-level descriptions of the original accession - the title index for original accession was severed to remove references to patients’ names from sub-series B.A

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A new arrangement structure was created for the 1995 accrual and this accrual’s description was also newly composed. A slightly different numbering system was assigned to this accrual (i.e., fonds number/box number/file number).

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Although some issues with grammaticism, consistency, and RAD-compliancy were present, the majority of the series, sub-series, and file-level descriptions were not revised due to time constraints.

General note

References: Skelton-Pasmore, Elizabeth. Research at the Allan Memorial Institute. Montréal: Allan Memorial Institute, 1976. Terry, Neville. The Royal Vic: The story of Montreal’s Royal Victoria Hospital, 1894-1994. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1994.

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