Title and statement of responsibility area
Peter S. Schmalz fonds
General material designation
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Title statements of responsibility
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Edition statement of responsibility
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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)
Dates of creation area
1844 - 2006 (Creation)
- Schmalz, Peter Stanley
- Bruce, County of
Physical description area
34.5 m of textual records and other material
Publisher's series area
Title proper of publisher's series
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Archival description area
Name of creator
Dr. Peter Stanley Schmalz resides in Walkerton, Ontario.
His education includes the following:
1962 Bachelor of Arts, University of Western Ontario
1962 Secondary School Teacher’s Certificate
1972 Master of Arts Degree, University of Waterloo
1985 Doctor of Philosophy Degree from the University of Waterloo.
Dr. Schmalz taught for five years at John F. Ross C.V.I., Guelph (1962-1967). In 1967, he began teaching at Walkerton District Secondary School. He became the Head of the History & Contemporary Studies Department at the school, a position from which he retired in or around 1995. In addition to his daily teaching job, Schmalz taught summer courses at Queen’s University in Kingston, and night courses for Georgian Collage and the University of Waterloo. He also developed and taught a course called “Man in Society” for the Ontario Ministry of Education, Correspondence Division.
From 1991 – 1992, he was seconded by the Bruce County Board of Education, through a grant from Employment and Immigration Canada, to develop a native Co-operative Education Pilot Project with two reserves for the Bruce County Board of Education.
In 1993, Dr. Schmalz received the 1993 Hilroy Fellowship for Innovations in Education award for a computer role-playing simulation which develops non-Native empathy for the century-long Native experiences on reserves.
Dr. Schmalz has researched local native land claims and issues extensively. In the 1990s and 2000s, Dr. Schmalz was hired to create reports for the Ministry of Natural Resources, First Nations communities, the provincial government and federal government.
In addition to various published articles and book reviews, his works include the following books:
• The Ojibwa, Toronto: Umbrella Press, 1995
• The Ojibwa of Southern Ontario, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1991
• The County Town Question, Wiarton: The Walkerton Historical Society, 1982
• The Impact of the Great Depression on Walkerton, Wiarton: The Walkerton Historical Society, 1982
• The History of the Saugeen Indians, Ottawa: The Ontario Historical Society, Research Publication No. 5, 1977
Dr. Schmalz was “honourably mentioned” by The Canadian Historical Association in 1991 in relation to his book, The Ojibwa of Southern Ontario, which also won the 1993 Joseph Brant Award, given by The Ontario Historical Society, as “the best book dealing with Ontario’s multicultural history published in a three-year period.”
Scope and content
This fonds reflects Dr. Peter S. Schmalz’s career as an educator, researcher and author from the late 1960s to early 2000s. He used these resources in the creation of a Master's Thesis, a Doctoral Thesis, numerous learned articles, several books, and reports for the Ministry of Natural Resources, First Nations communities, the provincial government and federal government. The focus of his research and writing concerned First Nations as well as Town of Walkerton history.
This fonds includes over 700 published books (not including duplicates) which reflect Dr. Schmalz's primary interest in aboriginal contact with Europeans.
The fonds also consists of documents related to the history of the Saugeen Ojibway Nation Territory (Saugeen First Nation and Chippewas of Nawash Unceded First Nation) which reflect the communications and relationship between the First Nations and the Imperial and Canadian governments. These documents consist of photocopied records, many of which were copied from microfilm held by the National Archives of Canada, including material from NAC's reference number RG 10 (parts of the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development fonds). Records also include microform, brochures, audiotapes and videotapes, newspapers and clippings, magazines and research cards.
Material in the fonds also reflects the history and experience of First Nations across North America.
The material further reflects Dr. Schmalz’s leadership in education, particularly as it relates to both the education of First Nation students and the education of others about the history of First Nations. Records relate to a co-operative education project, field archaeology and native studies summer course, as well as curriculum created by Peter Schmalz and other education resources.
Dr. Schmalz’s work, activities and interests are also reflected through his correspondence, publications, theses, and essays.
Finally, the fonds consists of articles, maps and original records reflecting Dr. Schmalz’s interest and research concerning the history of the Town of Walkerton and other regional history resources.
Series / File List:
Series 1 Research library of published books
File 1 Books about books
File 2 North American Native books
File 3 Canadian Indian archaeology books
File 4 Canadiana books
File 5 Non-Canadian books
File 6 Local history books
File 7 Black studies books
File 8 Music books and sheet music
Series 2 Saugeen First Nation and Chippewas of Nawash Unceded First Nation related documents
File 1 Saugeen-Nawash rights and claims
File 2 Newspaper clippings, articles and manuscripts
File 3 Microform
File 4 Experience '81 project
File 5 Fishing rights
File 6 Bruce County censuses
File 7 Potawatomi among the Saugeen and Cape Croker
File 8 Currently not open to the public
File 9 Saugeen First Nation and Chippewas of Nawash Unceded First Nation publications
File 10 Research cards
Series 3 North American First Nations resources
File 1 Visual materials
File 2 Theses and manuscripts
File 3 Published works
File 4 Letters, working papers, reports and other records
File 5 Audio and video materials
File 6 Newspapers, magazines and journals
File 7 Black studies resources
Series 4 Education
File 1 Co-operative education project
File 2 Reports and documents concerning development of education of First Nations people
File 3 Curriculum created by Peter Schmalz
File 4 Field Archaeology and Native Studies summer course
File 5 Education resources
File 6 Reservation : a role-playing simulation game
Series 5 Personal documents and publications
File 1 Correspondence
File 2 Manuscripts, theses and essays
File 3 Published books, articles and related documents
File 4 [There is no file 4]
File 5 Conferences and trips
File 6 Restricted reports
File 7 Miscellaneous personal documents
Series 6 Walkerton and area history resources
File 1 Research notes and newspaper clippings
File 2 Arthur James Kendall murder trial
File 3 Original records
File 4 Articles, manuscripts and reports
File 5 Photographs
Series 7 Regional history resources
File 1 Reports and photocopied documents
File 2 Articles and manuscripts
File 3 Maps
Immediate source of acquisition
At the time of donation, the material (not including books listed in Series 1) were donated in boxes numbered from 1 to 43 and four unnumbered boxes. The items were physically left in that order (unless otherwise noted). Intellectual arrangement into seven series, with subordinate files, was imposed by archival staff based on the primary content and form of each item/folder. Original box numbers are noted in the “Arrangement” note in each file / item description.
Language of material
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Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication
Finding Aids have been prepared for most Files within each Series, listing the title, object name, date, extent/physical description, scope & content, and object id. of the items or folders within this collection.
Parts of the material within this collection were photocopied from Library and Archives Canada, RG 10 (Department of Indain Affairs and Northern Development records).
Standard number area
Place access points
- Canada » Ontario » Bruce, County of » Saugeen 29 Indian Reserve
- Canada » Ontario » Bruce, County of » Saugeen and Cape Croker Fishing Islands 1 Indian Reserve
- Canada » Ontario » Bruce, County of » Cape Croker
- Canada » Ontario » Bruce, County of » Cape Croker Hunting Ground 60B Indian Reserve
- Canada » Ontario » Bruce, County of » Walkerton