Mennonite Archives of Ontario

Mennonite Archives of Ontario

Identity area



Authorized form of name

Mennonite Archives of Ontario

Parallel form(s) of name

    Other form(s) of name


      • Religious Organization
      • University/College
      • Community

      Contact area

      Laureen Harder-Gissing




      Street address

      Conrad Grebel University College 140 Westmount Road North





      Country name


      Postal code

      N2L 3G6


      519-885-0220 ext.24238




      Description area


      The Mennonite Archives of Ontario has its origins in the research undertaken by Lewis J. Burkholder in the early 1930s for his book "A brief history of the Mennonites in Ontario." The rare documents he gathered were placed in a "Mennonite box" at the Archives of Ontario in Toronto.

      In 1941, the box was returned to Mennonite hands and placed in a dedicated archival room at a Mennonite-owned bookstore in Kitchener. In 1958, the collection was moved to Rockway Mennonite School, and in 1965 it found its current home under the administration of Conrad Grebel University College. Also in 1965, the Mennonite Historical Society of Ontario was formed by interested members of the Mennonite community. Among its purposes is to be an advocate of Archives programs and services. The Archives underwent a dramatic expansion in 2014, doubling the size of its facilities and tripling its storage capacity.

      Geographical and cultural context

      Mennonites and Amish originated as related but distinct religious identities in various parts of Europe during the 16th century. The practice of adult baptism and an adherence to a peace stance are common identifiers.

      Mennonites first arrived in Canada in the late 18th century, settling primarily in the Niagara, Markham and Waterloo regions. Mennonite arriving in Waterloo were the first settlers of European origin in that region. These early settlers, commonly called "Swiss Mennonites," came largely from Pennsylvania. The 1820s saw Amish immigration directly from Europe, mainly to Wilmot Township.

      Due to the autonomous nature of Mennonite congregational life, many divisions have occurred in Ontario Amish and Mennonite communities. The larger distinctive groups in existence today are Mennonite Church Eastern Canada, Old Order Amish, Old Order Mennonite Church, and the Old Colony Mennonite Church of Ontario. Some groups, such as the Mennonite Brethren in Christ (now the Evangelical Missionary Church) no longer identify as Mennonite.

      Mennonites of Dutch/Prussian descent immigrated to Ontario from the Soviet Union in the 1920s and 1940s. Another group of so-called "Russian Mennonites" began arriving in Ontario in the 1950s via Manitoba (1870s) and Mexico (1920s). These groups settled mainly in the Niagara, Waterloo, Leamington and Aylmer areas.

      Many Mennonites in Ontario have since gravitated to urban areas and are growing increasingly diverse in ethnic and cultural backgrounds, while other groups continue to see rural life as central to their identity. Mennonite and Amish congregations counted approximately 40,169 members (baptized adults) in 2012 (source: Mennonites in Ontario / Marlene Epp. - Mennonite Historical Society of Ontario, 2012).

      Mandates/Sources of authority

      The Mennonite Archives of Ontario collects and preserves archival materials that reflect the religious, cultural and organizational life of Mennonite, Amish and other related groups in Ontario and makes them available to anyone with a legitimate research interest. The Archives strives to be community-oriented, making Mennonite history and culture accessible to all, while also offering the benefits of doing research within a university setting. The Archives is a member institution of the Archives Association of Ontario.

      Administrative structure

      The Archives is administered by Conrad Grebel University College, a Mennonite liberal arts college affiliated with the University of Waterloo. The Archives is located within the College's Milton Good Library, and overseen by an ALA-accredited administrator, the Archivist-Librarian. The Archivist-Librarian reports to the College's Academic Dean. The Archives' financial resources are solicited from the community by, and provided through, the College.

      Records management and collecting policies

      Mennonite Archives of Ontario policies


      The 1976 building that houses the College's academic program, the Library and Archives underwent a dramatic renovation and expansion in 2014.. Archives' public and administrative spaces doubled in size; archival storage capacity tripled to approximately 1 368 linear meters. The storage facility was equipped with the latest storage, climate control, and fire suppressing technologies. The building is now accessible and houses an archival reading room and gallery


      The Archives serves as the official repository for Conrad Grebel University College, Mennonite Central Committee (Ontario) and Mennonite Church Eastern Canada. Other Mennonite institutions, organizations, congregations and individuals also have collections here.

      These collections come in many forms including letters, diaries, meeting minutes, photographs, films, audiotapes, artwork and clothing. Our growing collection currently consists of 780 linear meters of personal, congregational, and institutional records in a multitude of formats.

      The Archives also houses the Mennonite Historical Library (catalogued through the Milton Good Library), which is the largest Canadian collection of Anabaptist/Mennonite published materials, dating from the 16th century to the present.

      Finding aids, guides and publications

      The Archives' website constitutes the primary finding aid. A subject guide to peace research at the Archives is also available.

      Access area

      Opening times

      8:30-4:30, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday.
      8:30-7:00 Thursday
      Closed statutory holidays and between Christmas and New Year's Day. Making an appointment in advance is highly recommended; not all staff are able to assist with archival reference questions or retrieve archival materials.

      Access conditions and requirements

      Patrons under 18 must be accompanied by an adult.
      We reserve the right to limit access to archival materials for legal, privacy or preservation reasons. Here is our complete access policy.


      The Archives is accessible by elevator, and has an accessible washroom.
      A digital microform reader, available in the Archives Reading Room, has magnification capabilities.

      Services area

      Research services

      Reference services are available from the archivist; an appointment is highly recommended.
      Remote queries will be answered as staff time allows. Direct your questions or comments to the archivist. Generally, questions that take more than 15 minutes to check will not be searched.

      Reproduction services

      A photocopier, scanners and microform scanning equipment are available on site. Please check with the archivist before copying any materials.
      Photocopying charges are payable by cash or WatCard.

      Public areas

      The Lorraine Roth Reading Room serves Archives patrons. Public access computers with Internet connection are provided. Lunch service is available at the Conrad Grebel University College dining hall. The Archives Landing is a gallery that hosts temporary exhibits featuring materials from the Mennonite Archives of Ontario.

      Control area

      Description identifier

      Institution identifier

      Rules and/or conventions used


      Level of detail

      Dates of creation, revision and deletion




          Maintenance notes

          Access points

          Access Points