Series 1 - Kurt Meyer Trial (98/28)

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Kurt Meyer Trial (98/28)

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    Reference code

    CA ON00093 98/28; 159.95 (D1); 159.95.023 (D1-D11)-1

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    • 1945 (Creation)
      Meyer, Kurt, 1910-1961

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    20 cm of textual records

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    Biographical history

    Kurt Meyer was born in 1910 in Jerxheim, Lower Saxony. He joined the SS in 1930, and became a 2nd Lieutenant in 1932. He fought in the invasion of Poland in 1939 in command of the antitank company of the Leibstandarte SS-Adolf Hitler. He then commanded the motorcycle company of the regiment during the invasions of Holland and France. Meyer then commanded the unit in the invasion of Greece in 1941, and later in "Operation Barbarossa," the invasion of Russia. His unit later captured the staff of a Soviet division, and helped the SS to retake Kharkov in 1943.

    Meyer became part of the command staff of the 12th SS division, the "Hiterjugend" division, and fought in the German effort to repel the invasion of France in Normandy in June, 1944. In this battle, he ordered that no prisoners should be taken, and his men killed 18 Canadian prisoners. His division commander was killed on June 14th, and Meyer was given command of the Hitlerjugend at the age of 33. He led his men out of the Falaise pocket in July, 1944, and was captured on September 6th. He was presumed dead by the Germans and was promoted to Major General.

    In December, 1945, Meyer was tried by court-martial for war crimes by Canada for the killing of prisoners. He was sentenced to death, but the sentence was commuted to life imprisonment. He served part of the sentence in Canada, but was transferred to a British prison in West Germany, and was released in 1954. Kurt Meyer died of a heart attack on December 23, 1951, on his 51st birthday, in Hagen, West Germany.

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    Scope and content

    Series consists of transcripts of Records of the Evidence and witness statements pertaining to the Kurt Meyer Trial. There is also Record of the Evidence gathered during investigations by the No. 1 Canadian War Crime Investigation Unit into the deaths of Canadian prisoners of war in Normandy between 1944 and 1945. Also includes statement transcripts of witnesses. In addition, there are several miscellaneous documents, including some German materials and copies of German Army records.

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    • English

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