Fonds - Annie Cressman fonds

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Annie Cressman fonds

General material designation

Parallel title

Other title information

Title statements of responsibility

Title notes

Level of description


Reference code

Edition area

Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

Class of material specific details area

Statement of scale (cartographic)

Statement of projection (cartographic)

Statement of coordinates (cartographic)

Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area


  • 1941-1989 (Creation)

Physical description area

Physical description

65 cm of textual records

Publisher's series area

Title proper of publisher's series

Parallel titles of publisher's series

Other title information of publisher's series

Statement of responsibility relating to publisher's series

Numbering within publisher's series

Note on publisher's series

Archival description area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Annie Cressman was born on February 22, 1913 to an Old Order Mennonite family in Elmira, Ontario. She converted to Pentecostalism in 1934 and in 1935 felt a calling to missionary work. To achieve her goal of becoming a missionary, she attended the Western Pentecostal Bible College in Winnipeg and graduated in 1938. She followed this with courses at the Missionary Medical Institute in Toronto. In 1941 she embarked on her first term as a missionary in Cape Palmas, Liberia, which was spent doing general missionary work. During her second term she began doing translation work. She believed that people needed to hear the Word of God in their own language and that it should be written. The obstacle to providing a translation of the New Testament was that the Tchien dialect of the Krahn group of languages was not a written language. Miss Cressman analyzed the language, put it in writing and then translated the scriptures. To enable her to accomplish these tasks, Miss Cressman attended Linguistic Institutes sponsored by the Wycliffe Bible Translators, once in 1946 and once in 1951. With the assistance of other missionaries and interpreters, the Gospel of Mark, Acts, Romans and the General Epistles were translated. She also prepared primers and simple reading materials for literacy classes. In 1958 she began a simplified English version of the New Testament. Some books were published separately but in 1969 "Good News for the World: The New Testament in Worldwide English" was published by Operation Mobilization in India. Supervision of this project was provided by the American Bible Society. In addition to her translation work, Miss Cressman's missionary activities also included teaching bible classes and distributing literature. She retired from mission work in 1978 and settled in Elmira, where she was chaplain of a nursing home. She died on December 2, 1991.

Custodial history

This fonds was donated to the Archives by Larry Broughton, PAOC missionary to Liberia.

Scope and content

The fonds consists of the records which document Annie Cressman's life as a missionary in Liberia, most significantly her translation work. Personal papers consist of Overseas Missionary Certificates of Fellowship, insurance documents, passports, travel itineraries and tickets, and a Liberian drivers' license. Correspondence relates mainly to Miss Cressman's mission work as well as her translations. The records also contain clippings and an account book from Liberia. The writings consist of handwritten sermon notes, copies of "The True Servant: The Gospel of Mark in Simplified English" an offprint from "The Bible Translator", dated 1961. Other writings include information about Seo Yar, a Liberian evangelist, drafts and notes, articles, and pamphlets. There are also drafts of "Good News for the World", an introduction to learning Tchien Krahn, Tchien books published by the Assemblies of God, Tchien primers and workbooks, pamphlets in other dialects published by other individuals and organizations, and a New Testament translation done by others. The fonds also contains what is best described as an English-Tchien dictionary, a box of 3"x5" cards arranged alphabetically which correspond to words in the Tchien dialect. While this "dictionary" was in Miss Cressman's records, Joy Hansell's name is on the box.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition


Language of material

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access


Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Finding aids

PAOC Archives FileMaker Pro Database

Associated materials

Related materials


General note

English; Tchien Krahn

Alternative identifier(s)

Standard number area

Standard number

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Control area

Description record identifier

Institution identifier

Rules or conventions


Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Language of description

Script of description


Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

Related places

Related genres