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- Corporate body
The Church was organized in the United States in 1784. This denomination sent preachers to Nova Scotia (1785 to 1800), to Montreal (1802 to 1820) and Quebec City (1803 to 1812), and officially to Upper Canada in the winter of 1789-1790--first through its New York Conference, then from 1810 to 1824 through its Genesee Conference, and from 1824 to 1828 through its Canada Conference. In 1828 the Methodist Episcopal Church in Canada was established. In 1821 the Genesee Conference established a committee to consider the matter of evangelism to the Aboriginal People and contacts were made with the Six Nations Reserve on the Grand River. In 1822 Alvin Torry was designated missionary to the Aboriginal People in Canada; in 1824 the Canada Conference Missionary Society was organized; and in 1828 William Case accepted the post of General Superintendent of Indian Missions of Upper Canada.
- Corporate body
The Wesleyan Methodist Church, established in England, was based on the teachings of John Wesley, who died in 1791; its date of creation is generally given as 1795, when the Wesleyans separated from The Church of England. The British Wesleyan missions commenced in Newfoundland in 1765 or 1766; in the Maritimes in 1799 (replacing the American connection); and in Lower and Upper Canada after the War of 1812-1814, establishing themselves as far west as Niagara and St. Catharines by 1820. In the meantime by 1817, the Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society had been formally established, assuming responsibility for missionary work around the world, including British North America. Problems over jurisdiction in the Canadas between the American Methodist Episcopals and British Wesleyans resulted in an agreement reached in 1820 whereby Lower Canada was allotted to the British Wesleyans (with the exception of the east side of the Ottawa River), and Upper Canada to the American Methodists (with the exception of Kingston). Lower Canada, after 1841 Canada East (Quebec), was organized as a District under the direction of the Missionary Society in 1817 and remained so until 1854, when it formally united with the Wesleyan Methodist Church in Canada already in existence in Canada West (Ontario). British Wesleyans were ready to return to Upper Canada by the early 1830s. A union between the Methodist Episcopal Church in Canada and the British Wesleyans in 1833 in the establishment of the Wesleyan Methodist Church in Canada averted conflict between the two groups (but resulted in the establishment of another Methodist Episcopal Church in Canada, 1834-1883/Fonds 6). This union, moreover, extended the control which the Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society had in Upper Canada: to have final say on appointment of all Canadian Wesleyan ministers, most of the funds raised for missions, and appointment of a Superintendent of Missions. This and other divisive issues forced the dissolution of the union between 1840 and 1847. After the reunion in 1847, the Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society began to withdraw from significant responsibility for mission work in Canada West and in British North America generally, although money for the work here continued to be provided. The first British Wesleyan missionary to be appointed among Canada's Aboriginal People was Thomas Turner in 1832; his mission bordered the St. Clair River in Upper Canada. In the late thirties, missions opened on the shores of Lakes Superior and Huron and after 1840 in Hudson's Bay Company territory. The Hudson's Bay Missions were administered directly from Britain until 1854 when they too became the responsibility of the Wesleyan Methodist Church in Canada.
Lloyd Harold Hylton (1912-1994) was born in Toronto, Ontario in 1912. He earned a B.A and a B.D from McMaster University in 1943, and 1949 respectively. Originally working as a minister in the Baptist church, he served Jerseyville Baptist Church, Haldimond County. In 1957 he was received as Ordained by the United Church of Canada, Seaway Valley Presbytery. He served Two Charges in 19 years, and retired in 1977. During his time working as a minister for the United Church he also worked as a high school teacher from 1955 until 1980. After retirement he worked as a Champlain at Muskoka camp. Throughout his career he was quite involved with youth work including Rallies, Summer Weekend Camp Activities, and summers teaching summer school.
William Henry Thomas was born in 1872 and lived with his family in Tanerdy, Abergwilly in the District of Carmarthen, Wales. Rev. Thomas received his degree in Divinity from New College in London, England. After graduation he became a Congregational Minister in Berkeley, Gloucestershire and Souther Petherton, Somersetshire in England. In 1905 he married Florence Nightingale Blackmore and they had three children -Doris Winifred in 1906, Ivor Charles Eaton in 1907 and Joyce Eleanor in 1922.
In 1914 Rev. W.H. Thomas accepted a call to minister at Queen's Road Congregational Church in St. John's Newfoundland. In 1922, he moved to Canada as a minister for the Broadview Congregational Church in Toronto, then shortly after ministered to Beulah Congregational Church (Ayer's Cliff, Quebec) which became part of Union in 1925. Sometime after 1933 Rev. W.H. Thomas was called to a parish in McMasterville Quebec. In 1937 Rev. Thomas moved to a small parish in Gould, Quebec.
Rev. W.H. Thomas left the ministry for treatment of cancer however he did not recover from his illness and died November 4, 1945.
Herbert Lench Pottle (1907-2002) was born in Flatrock Newfoundland in 1907 and died in Ottawa September 21, 2002. He married Muriel Ethel Moran in 1937 and they had three children -two daughters surviving into adulthood.
H.L. Pottle received his B.A. from Mount Allison (1932) and his M.A. (1934) and Ph.D. (1937) in Psychology and Education from the University of Toronto. Dr. Pottle received an LL.D. from Mount Alison in 1992.
Dr. Pottle held many government positions in Newfoundland including Executive Officer, Department of Education, St. John's (1938-1944); Director of Child Welfare for Newfoundland and judge of the first juvenile court in St. John's (1944-1947); Commissioner for Home Affairs and Education (1947-1949). He was known as the last living father of Confederation having been one of the men who brought Newfoundland into Canada. He resigned from the Smallwood Cabinet in 1955 and became the Secretary of the Board of Information and Stewardship for the United Church of Canada (1955-1963). In 1961-62 he worked overseas for the U.N. and left in 1963 to work in the Deparment of National Health and Welfare in Ottawa until his retirement in 1972.
Muriel Ethel Pottle (nee Moran) was originally from Smithfield Ontario and married Dr. Herbert Lench Pottle in 1937.
Muriel was active in the UCW, serving on the M&O Conference Executive in 1969-1971. She also volunteered on the Board of Directors for the St. John's YWCA.
Muriel died April 21, 1990 in Ottawa.
John Franklin McKay (1928-2009) was a United Church minister. He was born in Kintore, Ontario and received his Bachelor of Arts from the University of Western Ontario in 1957, Bachelor of Divinity from Emmanuel College in 1957 and Master of Sacred Theology from Boston University in 1961. He was ordained in London, Ontario in 1957 and served the following charges: Lucky Lake, Saskatchewan, 1957-1960, Kingsway-Lambton, Toronto, Ontario, 1962-1965, Westminster, Windsor, Ontario, 1965-1973, Riverside, London, Ontario, 1973. He also served as President of London Conference, 1972-1973 and chair of the various committees namely, Conference Planning, Block Grant and Conference Staff.
In 1955 he married Marilyn June Umphrey. He died in 2009.
Elizabeth B. Campbell (1869-1951) was a missionary. She was born in Duntroon, Ontario and trained as a teacher. She started serving in Angola in 1900 under the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. After taking a leave of absence for a few years she returned in 1920 under the Canada Congregational Women’s Board of Missions. While under the American Board she worked at Elende and Chilesso and while under the Canadian Board worked at Chissamba (1920-1927) teaching Household Sciences courses; at Camundongo (1930-1933) she taught at the Vocational School for Girls.
She retired in Toronto in 1934 and died in 1951.
William Roderick McKay (1871-1960), was a Presbyterian and later United Church missionary who established the South China mission. He was born in Springfield, Nova Scotia and attended Dalhousie University, Pine Hill Theological College and Princeton Seminary. He served at Kennetcook and Gore until he and his wife, Mary O’Brien, were appointed as missionaries to the then Portuguese city of Macau. In 1907 they proceeded to Kong Moon, a freeport, where twenty churches were to be built under the direction of Rev. McKay.
After 35 years in the mission field of South China, the McKays returned to Canada and lived in Toronto until the death of the Rev. McKay in 1960.
Anna Margaret Roloff was born on August 11, 1878 in Bruce County to members of the Evangelical Association. At the age of sixteen, while attending a series of revival meetings she decided to consecrate her life to God. Because her father and brothers passed away when she was quite young, she remained at home until the age of 26 whence she had saved enough money from dressmaking to attend Bible Training School in Toronto. She applied to the Missionary Board but was not accepted whereupon she took another course at the Union Missionary Training Institute in Brooklyn, New York. She applied a second time and in 1908 was appointed as a missionary to China. She wasn’t able to leave right away because she was requested to spend one year at a hospital in Brooklyn for special training as a nurse. In late 1909 she sailed together with Miss Elizabeth Schempp of Germany, arriving at Shenchow, Hunan in February 1910.
In China she assisted in medical and evangelistic work and taught sewing at the Embroidery Industrial Mission. When Miss Schempp gave up her charge of the Industrial School in order to marry, Anna Roloff assumed responsibility and adapted herself well to the job. The school enabled Chinese women to earn their own income. She had served sixteen years in the mission field until ill health forced her to return to Canada. She died Hanover, Ontario in 1924.
Churchill Moore was a Congregational Minister. He was born on September 28, 1854 in Economy, Nova Scotia. He graduated in Theology from the Congregational College of Canada in 1890 and served in Ayer’s Cliff, Quebec; Milton, Nova Scotia and Keswick Ridge, New Brunswick. He was married to Mary M. Mac Donald. He died in 1945.
Barbara Joan Elliott (1930-1992) was a Diaconal Minister. She was born in Kintore, Ontario, the daughter of a United Church minister. She attended the United Church Training School and earned her B.A. in 1965 from the University of Alberta and B.D. in 1968 from St. Stephen’s College. She was designated in Alberta Conference where she first served. She later went to Manitoba Conference and then to Saskatchewan Conference where she worked the longest. She was first involved with Christian education, then in leadership development programs for conference personnel and work with women in the church and feminism.
Donald Ralph Cornish (1937-2000) was a United Church minister. He received his B.A. from Victoria University in 1960, his Master of Divinity from Emmanuel College in 1963 and was ordained in the same year by London Conference. He served in Rockglen Pastoral Charge in Saskatchewan Conference, Milverton Pastoral Charge in London Conference and Emmanuel United Church, Maple Grove United Church and Mount Hamilton United Church in Hamilton Conference and Iondale United Church and Church of the Master United Church in Toronto Conference.
Robert Brycelain Craig (1916-2009) was a United Church Minister. He was born in Scotland and emigrated to Canada with his family in 1925. He received his B.A. from McMaster University in 1942 and his B.D. from Emmanuel College in 1949. He served in the Canadian Army from 1943-1946. He served the following charges in Ontario: Coniston, Sudbury; First United, St. Thomas, 1952-1963; Trinity United, Peterborough, 1963-1968; and Humbercrest, Toronto, 1976-1994. He was also Chair of Sudbury Presbytery, 1950-1952, Elgin Presbytery, 1954-1955, President of London Conference and a member of the Committee on Church Union, 1960-1968.
Frank Prescott Fidler (1907-1995) was a United Church Minister. He was born in Calgary but was raised in Winnipeg. He received his B.Sc. in Electrical Engineering in 1928 from the University of Manitoba and his B.D. from Emmanuel College in 1934. He acted as a Boys’ Parliament Premier in 1924, and represented the Boys’ Parliaments of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba at the World Conference of Y.M.C.A. in Helsingfors, Finland in 1926. After attending Emmanuel, he acted as Boys’ Work Secretary of the British Columbia Conference of the Religious Education Council of Canada (1928-1931). Fidler was ordained in 1934 and called as an Associate Minister to Bloor Street United Church where he had been working as a student assistant to Dr. George Pidgeon. He remained there from 1933-1939. Then, Fidler acted as Minister of Glebe United Church, Ottawa, 1939-1949. For the next 20 years he served at General Council office as Associate Secretary of the Board of Christian Education in the area of family life education, Adult work, Couple’s Clubs and secretary of the National Marriage Guidance Council. He was largely responsible for preparing the New Curriculum, and also helped write two reports to the United Church Commission on Christian Marriage and Divorce: “Toward a Christian Understanding of Sex, Love and Marriage” (1962) and “Marriage Breakdown, Divorce, Remarriage, a Christian Understanding” (1964).
His professional interests extended outside of the church such that he became a founding member of the executive of the board of the Vanier Institute of the Family, first president of the Planned Parenthood Association of Toronto and president of the Family Planning Federation of Canada (1963-1970). He also acted as Executive Director of the Richmond Hill and Thornhill Area Family Services and was a Consultant in Marriage and Family Services to the United Church of Canada after his work at the General Council Office was completed.
Jean Marilyn Day (1935-2013) was a missionary nurse and a diaconal minister. She was born in Scarborough, ON to parents Vera Mae Campbell and William McIntosh Tough. She obtained her Reg. N. from the Toronto Western Hospital in 1956, her Diploma in Christian Education at Covenant College in 1964 and her B.Sc. N at the University of Toronto in 1978. She was ordained in 1964 and designated and appointed to Hong Kong as a missionary in 1964 and worked there until she returned to Canada with her family in 1972. She was a Member of the Division of World Outreach 1976-1979 and Executive Director, National Canadian Girls in Training Association 1985-1990. She married Alfred Lee Day in 1966, who was also a UCC minister and missionary. She had two children Ian and Eric, as well as step-children from Alfred Day’s previous marriage.
Alfred Lee Day (1914-2003) was born in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan and received his B.Sc. from the University of Saskatchewan and attended theological school at St. Andrew’s College. He was ordained by Saskatchewan Conference in 1936. He received his B.D. from Emmanuel College in 1951. He served in Guernsey, Saskatchewan from 1936-1939 and proceeded to West China remaining there until the revolution in 1950 made it impossible for him to continue working. The next three years saw him ministering in Maple Creek, Saskatchewan and following seven in the Chinese United Church in Calgary, Alberta. He returned to the Orient in 1961 to work with the Church of Christ in China, the Hong Kong Council and Hoh Fuk Tong College until 1972 when he returned to Canada together with his young family by his wife, Jean Day, a missionary nurse and that time a diaconal minister.
Alfred Lee Day was predeceased by his first wife, Margaret Meuser.
Henry Cotton (1890-1972) was a United Church minister. He was born in Nottingham, England and moved to Canada in his teens. While attending the Wesleyan Theological College at McGill University he enlisted as a private in the university battalion and was later commissioned as a flight-lieutenant with the Royal Flying Corps. After his tour of duty he went back to school and completed his theological studies at Victoria University and earned his diploma in social work at the University of Toronto. He was ordained by Hamilton Conference in 1920. He served in the following charges: Copetown and Cainsville in London Conference; Brantford, Stoney Creek and Fort Erie in Hamilton Conference, Newmarket in Toronto Conference and St. Andrew's in Bay of Quinte Conference.
Abraham Walton Tonge (1852-1922) was a Methodist minister. He was born in Ashton on Mersey, Cheshire, England and came to Canada at the age of 21. He was ordained to the ministry four years later and served the following charges in Ontario: Chesley, Tilsonburg, Aylmer and Amhertsburg. He was married to Eliza Jane Still.
Thomas Williams (1810-1899) was a Methodist minister. Born in London, England of Welsh descent, his family emigrated to Pennsylvania but later moved to Canada out of loyalty to the British. He was a soldier and a surveyor’s assistant who helped survey most of Oro, Medonte, Flos and Orillia townships.
He was ordained in 1945 and proved to be an ardent preacher whose sole purpose was to bring souls closer to Christ. He served fourteen years in the Indian missions at Cape Croker and Garden River and two years as chair of the District of Algoma.
He was married to Deborah Keays.