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A. P. Coleman fonds
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- Coleman, Arthur Philemon
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26 boxes of textual, graphic, and cartographic records
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Name of creator
Arthur Philemon Coleman was a geologist and an academic. He was born in Lachute, Quebec (Canada East), the son of Rev. Francis Coleman and Emmeline Maria Adams, who was a descendant of John Quincy Adams. He was the brother of Albert Evander and Helena Jane Coleman, Lucius Quincy Coleman and Rufus Adams Coleman. He died, unmarried, in Toronto.
Coleman was educated at many public schools in Ontario (his father was an itinerant Methodist minister and the family moved often). He attended Cobourg Collegiate Institute, Cobourg, Ontario, and received his B.A. (1876) and M.A. (1880) at Victoria College in Cobourg, Ontario. He received a Ph.D. at the University of Breslau in Germany in 1881.
Coleman was appointed Professor of Geology and Natural History at Victoria College in 1882 (renamed Victoria University in 1884). He was Professor of Geology (in Assaying and Metallurgy) at the School of Practical Science, Toronto (1891–1901), Geologist at the Bureau of Mines, Government of Ontario (1893–1909), Professor of Geology at the University of Toronto (1901–1922), Dean of the Faculty of Arts at the University of Toronto (1919–1922), and Professor Emeritus at the University of Toronto (1922). In 1914 he was appointed Director of the Royal Ontario Museum of Geology in Toronto. From 1931 to 1934 he was employed as Geologist by the Department of Mines, Government of Ontario.
Coleman was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1900 and became its President in 1921. He was awarded the Society’s Flavelle Medal in 1928. He was elected President of the Royal Canadian Institute in 1902, and a Fellow of the Royal Society of London, England, in 1910, and won its Murchison Medal for distinguished research in geology. In 1915 he served as President of the Geological Society of America and was awarded its Penrose Medal in 1936. He also served as a Councilor of the Canadian Institute, and as President of the Alpine Club of Canada.
Coleman received LL.D.s from Queen’s University in 1913 and from the University of Western Ontario in 1922. He also received a D.Sc. from the University of Toronto in 1922, an honourary degree from the University of Adelaide, Australia in 1928, and the Victoria Medal from the Royal Geographical Society in 1933. A mountain in Banff National Park (AB) was named “Mount Coleman” in honour of his geological discoveries.
Coleman published three major works on geology between 1911 and 1926.
Scope and content
Fonds consists of A.P. Coleman’s geology field notes, maps, photographs, and manuscripts.
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Victoria University Library - Special Collections Fonds 7 Arthur P. Coleman fonds. http://library.vicu.utoronto.ca/collections/special_collections/f7_arthur_p_coleman
National Archives in Ottawa: Arthur Philemon Coleman fonds (reference number: R1530-0-0-E; was: MG30-B156).
On the field notes, which are typescript carbon copies: “These notes…were compiled from the field note books of Professor A.P. Coleman…as it was felt that it was desirable that the information in the notes of Dr. Coleman on the drift deposits of Ontario and Canada, much of which has not found its way into publication, should be preserved and made available in some manner…The selection for these volumes was made chiefly on the basis of their reference to Pleistocene geology or to the earlier glacial periods, and covers mainly the province of Ontario. In addition, there are included references to the glacial geology of all regions visited by Dr. Coleman during this time. These areas include other parts of Canada, the United States and Mexico, South America, Europe, Africa, and Australia.”
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3/7/2023 E. Thomas (linked related material)